Since the 1990s, as part of the economic revival of interior China especially for the central and northwest regions, the city of Xi’an has re-emerged as an important cultural, industrial and educational centre of the central-northwest region, with facilities for research and development, national security and China’s space exploration program. Xi’an currently holds sub-provincial status, administering 9 districts and 4 counties.[6] According to the 2010 Census, Xi’an has an urban population of 5,566,711 in its built-up area made of 7 out of 10 districts (all but Yanliang, Lintong and Gaoling not urbanized yet),[7] while the total population of the Municipality is up to 8,467,837.[8][9] It is the most populous city in Northwest China, as well as one of the three most populous cities in Western China.[10] According to a July 2012 report by the Economist Intelligence Unit, it was recently named as one of the 13 emerging megacities, or megalopolises, in China.[11] The report pinpoints and highlights the demographic and income trends that are shaping these cities’ development.

自1990年代以来,随着经济复苏,中国内地尤其是中部和西北地区得到了很好的发展,西安再度成为一个重要的文化、工业和教育中心,并参与研发国家安全和中国的太空探索计划。西安目前有9区4县。[6]根据2010年的人口普查,西安的城市人口达到5566711,人口密集的地方有的7个区(临潼,除了杨凌高陵没有城市化),[7]总人口是8467837。[8][9]是西北部城市人口最多的城市、中国西部人口最多的三个城市之一。[10]2012年7月,经济学人口库的一份报告称西安已经成为13个新兴大都市之一。[11]报告指出和强调了人口和收入趋势如何影响这些城市的发展。